VAT Guide

EU Country VAT number format Example Notes
Austria One letter and eight digits AT U12345678 The first character is always ‘U’
Belgium Nine digits BE 123456789
Cyprus Eight digits and one letter CY 12345678X Last character is always a letter
Czech Republic Eight, nine or ten digits CZ 12345678, CZ 123456789 or CZ 1234567890 Where 11, 12 or 13 digit numbers are quoted, delete the first three digits
Denmark Eight digits DK 12345678
Estonia Nine digits EE 123456789
Finland Eight digits FI 12345678
France Eleven, ten digits and one letter or nine digits and two letters FR 12345678901, FR X2345678901, FR 1X345678901 or FR XX345678901 May include 1 or 2 letters. Either FIRST, SECOND or FIRST and SECOND. All letters except O and I are valid.
Germany Nine digits DE 123456789 Must be the 9 digit ‘Umsatzsteur identifikationnummer’ (Ust ID Nr.)
Greece Nine digits EL 012345678 Prefix any 8 digit number with zero
Hungary Eight digits HU 12345678
Ireland Seven digits and one letter or six digits and two letters IE 1234567X or IE 1X34567X Includes 1 or 2 letters. Either LAST or SECOND and LAST
Italy Eleven digits IT 12345678901
Latvia Eleven digits LV 12345678901
Lithuania Nine digits or twelve digits LT 123456789 or LT 123456789012
Luxembourg Eight digits LU 12345678
Malta Eight digits MT 12345678
Netherlands Eleven digits and one letter NL 123456789B01 Tenth character is always ‘B’. The 3 digit suffix is always B01 to B99.
Poland Ten digits PL 1234567890
Portugal Nine digits PT 123456789
Slovakia Ten digits SK 1234567890
Slovenia Eight digits SI 12345678
Spain Eight digits and one letter or Seven digits and two letters ES X12345678, 12345678X or X1234567X Includes 1 or 2 letters. Either FIRST, LAST or FIRST and LAST.
Sweden Twelve digits SE 123456789001 The last 2 characters must be ’01’.
UK Nine digits or twelve digits GB 123456789 or GB 123456789001 Twelve digits if the number represents a
sub-company within a group